English law, présentation
[...] ( UK= England+ Wales+ Scotland + North Ireland A. Britain is a parliamentary monarchy Britain is a parliamentary monarchy because at the head of the state, there is a monarch. And currently the monarch is queen Elizabeth the 2nd. She was crowned in 1953. At the head of government there is the prime minister. And the current, the prime minister is Tony Blair of the labour party. He was first elected in 1997 (or 1999, je me souviens plus!!!). The prime minister is always the head of the political party, which has the majority in the parliament. [...]
[...] The magistrate's court It deals with current matters both in criminal and civil laws. In the area of civil law, this court deals with adoption, matrimonial and family. In the area of criminal law, they deal with petty crimes The county courts It deals with more important civil matters 3. The crown court It deals with criminal cases in appeal The high court It deals with cases in appeal on civil or criminal matters. It is composed of 3 divisions. [...]
[...] The legal system ( a partir de là elle pompe le bouquin) Intro The UK has not a single legal system. The law in Scotland was influence. The English legal system is centralized trough a court structure which is common to all the countries. It is hierarchical system with the higher court and judges, which has more authority that the lower courts. Law is a set of rules prescribed which the people of the state must respect. It evolves an element of compensation and in other to be effective. It must be enforced. [...]
[...] o o The monarch sum parliament open and close the parliamentary session but always at the prime minister demand. o o The monarch delivers the crown speech. It's the speech, which delimits the government policy for the coming year. The speech is read by the prime minister. o o The monarch gives royal assent to the bills past through parliament. o o If there is not the signature of the monarch the laws can't past. The monarch has never used his right of veto. o o At the New Year, the monarch confers honours and titles. [...]
[...] But the court cannot give advisory opinion on matters of nation important. It decides question brought before it through the process of litigation. - The only . the supreme court can acts . When a case submitted to be divided. It has original jurisdiction in very few cases cases: When the cases includes ambassadors of ministers When the cases are a state of the Union as one of the 2 parties. When it hears cases of the lower federal courts and also cases from states court. [...]
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