Exposé biographique de 4 pages en anglais sur Oscar Wilde, niveau seconde
His studies : Brilliant student, Oscar Wilde attented the Trinity College of Dublin from 1871 to 1874 and then to Oxford from 1874 to 1878 where he met Alfred Douglas. This acquaintance changed his life, it was actually crucial in the affirmation of his identity. According to the head master of one of the establishment he frequented, Oscar Wilde was not popular at all with the schoolmates and did not correspond in his looks and attitude to what the teachers of fine schools expected from their students so that very early he was marginalised!
[...] His theory of Art : Oscar Wilde like most writes expressed his views on Art in his compilation of essays entitled Intentions, according to him Nature imitates Art. He intended to make art a philosophy and to have a great influence over upon the imagination of his time. Oscar Wilde appreciated the world of Ancient Greece which he often alluded to in his letters to Alfred Douglas for exemple, it was a universe where he found a conception of love and physical beauty he could identify his own with! [...]
[...] (http://www.oscariana.net/oscariana02.htlm) His trial : Just like both his parents, Oscar Wilde had to go through a trial. Alfred Douglas' father violent and irritable man, accused him with corrupting his son ,after trying to threat his son of not giving him anymore money, which had obviously failed and persecuting the two men for several month. Wilde acted the way his mother had done years before, he decided to assume the accusation but like his father he was seized by a great fear of failure. [...]
[...] - His brother, Willie. - Oscar Wilde was married with a lady called Constance with whom he had two sons Cyril and Vyvyan. He had a great tenderness for this woman that is proved by the correspondence they had when they were separated. He wrote to his sons as well when he was in Paris for instance his family though he spent a lot of time away was an essential part of his sentimental life. His childhood : Oscar was born in Dublin in 1854. [...]
[...] He begun to compose The Ballad of Reading Gaol that he finished later in Italy going against the suppositions of many journalists who had thought his condemnation would put an end to his career. The last years : After his exit of jail, Oscar Wilde travelled a lot in Europe In Italy in particular where he met with Douglas again. He kept on writing but under the assumed name of Melmoth. He died in Paris of a meningitis and is buried in the famous cemetery of Le Père Lachaise. The public Character : Oscar Wilde was a very ambiguous person between an impertinent Dandy and a fragile man attracted by death. [...]
[...] Oscar Wilde was certainly a very intelligent man seemingly very self confident since he described himself as a genius who made people wonder by everything he said and did. Very proud of his social origins also some declarations that he made are certainly a sort of provocation because he was certainly part of the intellectual cast and of a society but he was very critical about it! (http://www.oscariana.net/1A.html). His only novel : The Picture of Dorian Gray : Wilde was clearly influenced by different authors such as Poe, Goethe, Balzac, Baudelaire and others. He was close to the surnaturalist movement more than to the fantastic one. [...]
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