Globalization, fiche de 7 pages en anglais sur le phénomène de mondialisation
The HDI has extended the meaning of development to include real income, education and life expectancy. Even so there are considerable similarities between the GNP and HIS maps.
[...] WORLD CITIES: They have two outstanding characteristics. headquarters of many TNCs Wal Mart Stores BP Total 1st four global cities: Tokyo 50 Paris 26 NY 22 London 22 They support large concentrations of producer services 2 of the world's biggest TNCs (Microsoft and Boeing) have their headquarters in Seattle. World Cities: More political institutions Financial and other producer services Important activities: politics, science, education Educated girls marries later Fewer or spaced children Better care and nutrition for self and children Increase of children's survival health transition Reduces overall fertility demographic transition Improves children's learning and education Educated Girls fewer children better education improve standard of living DOMINATING DOMINATED AN OBSOLETE DIVISION all the economic exchanges and wealth are concentrated in the Triad not easy for ex-communist countries, born after the collapse of the USSR, to transform a collectivist into a market economy. [...]
[...] - a country's economic power measured by determining its gross national product or gross domestic product . - industrialised countries produce more than 80% of the total GNP - The more farmers there are, the less developed the country is. - Dominant in the Triad: tertiary sector - 20% of the poorest people have of world income, compared with in 1960. Quality of life: - the UNDP (UN Development Programme), established in 1965, created the Human development index (HDI ) in 1990 and the Human Poverty Index (HPI) in 1997. [...]
[...] Decline in manufacturing. Globalization and interdependence Canals : Panama and Suez Straits : - Strait of Dover : the most important - Strait of Hormuz: important for oil - Strait of Malacca: trade between Europe and China - Strait of Magellan - Strait of Gibraltar Container: created by Malcom Mc Lean in 1956 transportation easier easier to go from truck to train, from train to boat faster CHEAPER Migration Movement and in human terms usually means a change of home. [...]
[...] Years of schooling: 0,2 in Burundi in Sierra Leone. income per capita (economy) GDP) HDI: 0,939 in Norway (the best) 0,258 in Sierra Leone (nearly 4 times between the best and the worst) - Some countries have not achieved their demographic transition - One out of 7 men still suffers from under nutrition. The HDI has extended the meaning of development to include real income, education and life expectancy. Even so there are considerable similarities between the GNP and HIS maps. [...]
[...] the wealth of a country is measured in terms of its GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT (GNP) GNP per Capita: total value of goods produced and services provided by a country in a given year divided by the number of people living in that country. OTHER WAYS OF ORGANIZING THE WORLD Civilisation: result of the long passage of time. All the moral, cultural, religious, linguistic and material elements which are common to a society. Diaspora: dispersion of a people, language or culture that was formerly concentrated in one place. [...]
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