Justice et médias : la dictature de l'émotion, fiche de culture générale de 2 pages
Théâtralisation antique de la justice telle que le procès de Socrate. A différentes époques, de nombreuses personnalités se sont interrogées sur la justice comme Voltaire sur l'affaire Callas (le traité de la tolérance). Fin du 19ème siècle, Zola est intervenu pour l'affaire Dreyfus en publiant l'article J'accuse dans le journal de l'Aurore. Plus récemment Joseph Kessel a suivi de nombreux procès comme le procès de Nuremberg ou encore le procès Eichemann. Jean Giono avait suivi le procès Dominici et a même publié un ouvrage sur le sujet. Colette a voulu rencontrer Landru. Les auteurs ont voulu rendre compte du fonctionnement d'un procès.
[...] History Today 37- 42. Hopkins, P. C. (1993). British Imperialism: Innovation and Expansion, 1688- 1914. Longman. Lazonick, W. (1981). Competition, Specialization, and Industrial Decline. The Journal of Economic History 31-38. Leunig, T. (2001). [...]
[...] New answers to old questions: Explaining the slow adoption of ring spinning in Lancashire 1880-1913. The Journal of Economic History 439-465. Sandberg, L. G. (1969). American Rings and English Mules: The Role of Economic Rationality. Quarterly Journal of Economics , 25-43. Watson, K. (1996). Financing industry in the nineteenth Century. Refresh 1-4. [...]
[...] The financiers at the time must also be held accountable, but more importantly the problem is to the structure of industrial organization” (Lazonick, 1981). To demonstrate this I will pay particular attention to the yarn industry since textiles was Britain's biggest export at the time. One of the main problems highlighted with entrepreneurs was that they were slow to innovate and adopt new technologies and industrial techniques. Without the necessary increase in productivity it was inevitable that Britain would face relatively slow industrial growth in comparison to Germany and USA. Some have argued that it is very difficult to innovate without financial investment. [...]
[...] More importantly was the general structure of British industry constraining entrepreneurs. Many of the problems that entrepreneurs faced such as education, innovation, unions, transportation costs, the location of export markets and even some of the financial issues were mainly as a result of external forces and were not always by their own creation. Looking at why Britain faced relatively slow growth in this period is particularly important today. With the developing BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) economies playing ‘catch-up' just as USA and Germany did, we need to ask ourselves what we can do now to prevent ourselves from falling behind, just as we did in the past. [...]
[...] These were mainly location, transport and the general structure of the industry. I will focus on the yarn industry just as many other historians have to demonstrate the problems with the ‘structure of industrial organization'. Unlike the large-scale yarn firms in the USA, British firms did not use the more innovative ring spinning techniques, instead opting for less cost efficient mule spinning. However there are vital differences between the two countries which provide a logical explanation for this. USA did not have the large export industry of textiles unlike in Britain. [...]
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