Football - organisation - change - table tennis - evolution rules
Modern sport is evolving faster than ever. Even if sport is a game, the business rules are almost overtaking the sport values.
In this article, we are going to discuss about sports in which the game, the rule and / or organisational changes were made to attract more customers (spectators, media, and sponsors).
In order to illustrate this, and to get different examples, two sports will be taken into account:
- Table Tennis
Why table tennis and Football? Those sports have seen their rules change but for different reasons.
[...] These clubs are not obliged to devote themselves to the formation of local players. Thus, the Chelsea Football Club is the first team to bring eleven holders without any English player. Arsenal regularly aligns teams of eleven players from foreign countries, particularly France and the Netherlands. The Bosman Ruling led to a new aspect of football, where players are almost considered as a product, with a life cycle, contracts, etc Even if because of this ruling, richer become richer, and poorer poorer, it makes a more attractive football, where TV is ready to pay billions. [...]
[...] A survey made on audience concluded that TV spectators had difficulty to follow exchanges. The advantage of this change is to slow the ball and make things easier to follow. The future of table tennis has to be through TV, because that is where good business and money are to be made. In 2001, the number of points needed to win a set goes down from 21 to 11 points. It is still necessary to have two points ahead to win the round, but the service changes sides every two points instead of five before. [...]
[...] The video would be a major implement in football, as it has a real success for Rugby, or tennis (with the Hawkeye). Football is often considered as a religion, especially in South America, thus the importance of avoiding any injustice which can lead to violence. Conclusion As we have seen, sport rules and organization are evolving depending of the spectators needs. Sport is now seen as a show, which implies advertising, sponsorships, game tickets Basically, the only way to adapt a sport to its public is to act on those levers. [...]
[...] He disputes the compliance of the rules governing transfers, under the law. Two points were particularly challenged by Jean-Marc Bosman: The possibility for a club to demand a transfer fee for a player out of contract (this possibility exists in Belgium, but has been abandoned in most other European countries); Quotas limiting the number to 3 foreign players from the European Union in a team, which is discrimination between European nationalities. The ECJ gave reason to Bosman, considering that UEFA regulations, including those related to the nationality quotas, were contrary to Article 48 of the Rome Treaty on the free movement of workers between Member States. [...]
[...] After the Italian world cup in 1990, and its weak performance, FIFA thought of the possible evolution of the rules. They decided it would be now banned that the goalkeeper grabs the ball with the hand after a back pass of one of his player. Indeed, this practice slowed the game in a big way and allowed the defenders in difficulty to go through the game. 2000: The goalkeeper has 6 seconds to put the ball back in the game. [...]
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