Cours Magistral de Civilisation Américaine en anglais, cours de 19 pages
USA is the oldest surviving democracy in the world à longevity Republic = constitution government à democracy: direct or indirect representation Forefathers (= aïeux) didn't believe in perfectibility of mankind.(= être humain) à strong eco union. The federalist papers: to sign the constitution à group of Documents. oldest federal system, oldest republic, oldest constitution : 1787 : amendment.
I) First Lesson
II) American mindset
III) American minorities
IV) Business ethnic vocabulary
[...] projection for median age in 2050 : 36,2 (and Europe : 52,7). - Population growth rate : 3rd largest nation for population (before China & India) and territory (after Russia & Canada). Age structure : - 0/14 : - 15/64 : - 65 + : Populous states : - Calif : 35 M (M=millions) - Texas : 22 M - NY State : 19 M of population concentrated in of the territory. Not many people live in the mountains and empty interior. [...]
[...] Chapter 11 (to file Chapter 11) protects a company from its creditors. = paid on what is owned. Bankruptcy (to file for) To restructure and emerge from bankruptcy. To settle claims A class action suit To liquidate your assets / to sue. To auction off remaining assets Insider trading White-collar crime. A web of complex financial reporting To mop up after corporate scandals = to clean up. To seek to recuperate) to recoup millions in alleged illegal proceeds. Shareholders = stakeholders (larger term) in stakeholders : employees, customers, shareholders, banks, suppliers). [...]
[...] France drag America to the war for not saying no. Habits : Cf brochure pages 74-75/78/83/85. First name much more common. More familiar. Privately founded Healthcare : your company pays or individuals pay. Small employees didn't have healthcare because too expensive. Companies pay a fee for each employee whereas individuals pay are premiums : monthly payment for insurance. Retired people (pensioners) : sometimes companies still pay for them. They represented in 1988, and in 2004 : Since 2001, premiums have grown up for Sometimes Federal Help for the oldest part of population : Medicare 65 years old) and for the poorest : Medicaid. [...]
[...] - Auditors reviewing the board's decisions. - Protection for whistleblowers. - Limitation on CEO bonuses and loans. (end of abusive payments to directors). Some common practices concerning CEOs : - : purchases or sales of insiders' products or services. - : loans to executives. - . SUITE Business ethics: scandals steps taken since Sarbanes-Oxley (July 2002) Auditors Wall Street and credibility in high places. American law: Same sex marriages / gun control / affirmative action / the Patriot of Act II ? [...]
[...] Gun control : vary from state to state, because mindset of the people vary. It gives to American the right to have guns at home. NY : guns hid Arizona : right to show gun in street. - to take stance : to take position. compromise (thinking) before acting. IRAK: - French gv : no significant proof for weapons in Irak. - Americans : not enough proofs that it isn't. 1st Golf war (in unconditional surrender. What happened after the 1st Golf war was not sustainable because the Irak: population was suffering. [...]
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