Laidi has qualified the EU as being a normative empire considering that the EU normative production goes beyond its borders. The concept of a normative empire questioned the impact of an EU normative power considered to be a power which is able to shape the conceptions through ideas - on its role as a global power. The strength of EU normative power is related to its internal market and to the globalization.
The European Commission has defined the ways by which the EU is impacting third countries: The EU promotes its values and interests by operating simultaneously as a continental power and as a global economic and political player, using various instruments ranging from the Common Foreign and Security Policy, assistance and trade on the one hand to the external dimensions of the EU's internal policies on the other.
Indeed, by setting its norms as often the highest in the world, the EU forces third countries enters EU market to adapt to these norms. Consequently one can assess those EU internal policies such as the common energy policy (CEP) impact third countries causing an Europeanization of their energy policy. Therefore EU's normative power is seen as an asset for the role of the EU as a global power, through an analysis of the impact of EU energy policy on the members of the commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and one can assess the relevance of this hypothesis.
[...] - Laïdi, Zaki, L'Europe et le système international, l'exemple de la concurrence énergétique entre l'UE et la Russie, Centre d'Études Européennes de Sciences Po, Septembre p. - Laïdi, Zaki, pouvoir de la norme, les formes inattendues de l'influence européenne”, Cahiers Européens n°05/2007, Centre d'Études Européennes de Sciences Po p. - Manners, Ian J., “Normative Power Europe: A Contradiction in Terms”, Journal of Common Market Studies, vol no pp. 235-258. - Natorski, Michal, Europeanization beyond the EU? [...]
[...] Cit., p Ibid, p Cormack Patton, op. Cit., p Some authors consider that the EU already have a leading role in this field, Ibid., p Laïdi, Zaki, L'Europe et le système international, l'exemple de la concurrence énergétique entre l'UE et la Russie, Centre d'Études Européennes de Sciences Po, Septembre 2009, p EU's “energy region-building” support for energy markets in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and in Central Asia has the objective of promoting the convergence of these energy markets towards that of the which in the mid term should be aimed at the creation of an EU-Black Sea- Caspian region, a “common energy house functioning on the basis of the EU internal energy Ferrero-Waldner cited in Natorski, op. [...]
[...] If the EU wants to secure its supplies from Russia and achieve the “creation of an EU-Black Sea-Caspian region” based on the EU internal energy market some progress towards a stronger normative power EU have to be done, mainly establishing an EU speaking with one voice and convincing all CIS countries to fully cooperate with the EU on energy matters. Bibliography - Belyi, Andrei V., External Energy Policies: A Paradox of Integration”, in Jan Orbie Europe's Global Role: External Policies of the European Union, Farnham, Ashgate pp. 203-216. - Belyi , Andrei V., dimensions of energy security of the enlarging EU and their impact on relations with Russia”, Journal of European Integration, 25: December 2003, pp. 351-369. [...]
[...] - Cormack Patton, Sarah Jayne, The European Union as a normative power: Europe's new neighborhood and energy policies, Thesis, Georgia Institute of Technology, May p. - Glachant, Jean-Michel, Grant, Robert, Hafner, Manfred and de Jong, Jacques, Toward a smart EU energy policy: rationale and 22 recommendations, EUI working papers, RSCAS 2010/52, Robert Schuman centre for advanced studies, Florence school of regulation, European University Institute p. - European Parliament, DG for Research, internal market division, European Energy Charter and east-west cooperation on energy and the environment, Working papers, EN-10-92. [...]
[...] - Tocci, Natalie, Who is a Normative Foreign Policy Actor? The European Union and its Global Partners, CEPS Paperback Series, issue 3/2008, Centre for European Policy Studies Brussels, 337p. - Vasilyan, Syuzanna, The European Union as a ''Civilian” and “Normative” Power: connotational meanings from Outside, EUSA Tenth Biennial International Conference Montreal, Canada, May 17-May p. Laïdi, Zaki, Le pouvoir de la norme, les formes inattendues de l'influence européenne, Cahiers Européens Centre d'Études Européennes de Sciences Po p Vasilyan, Syuzanna, The European Union as a ''Civilian' and 'Normative' Power': connotational meanings from Outside, EUSA Tenth Biennial International Conference Montreal, May 2007, p Ibid., p Laïdi, op. [...]
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