The USA, the UK, the stock exchange, fiche de 4 pages en anglais
The President is elected by great electors. Each state have to appoint (= nommer) its own great electors. There are votes to decide which party will be represented at Washington. Each state has its own system. The election takes place on the first Tuesday following the first Monday in November.
I. The United States of America
II. The United Kingdom of Great-Britain and Northern Ireland
[...] But there are risks!!! There are 2 ways for a company to get money , we can borrow money ( emprunter de l'argent à la banque ) when a company borrows money is also called debt financing. The second option for a company, it can sell shares ( it is called equity financing) . Both have advantages and drawbacks. The advantage of borrow money is that you don't loose the control of the company, the drawback with it is that you have to reimburse( refund ) and pay interests. [...]
[...] Congress has created 94 District Courts. US vs Foreign country, company or federal “jurisdiction” (FBI) bankruptcy banqueroute) “left not “left ! II. The United Kingdom of Great-Britain and Northern Ireland It is a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy. Bill of Rights ; Habeas Corpus it is written somewhere, but not fully codified and not unified. There are several texts (in “different places”), and there is no constitutional framework cadre constitutionnel). There is also the “common judges make law, and statutes: Acts of Parliament. [...]
[...] Article 1 is about the legislature produce, vote, and if necessary revise the laws) the US Congress, which is divided between the US Senate and the House of Representatives. There are 2 senators per state (they represent the states they are renewed by 1/3rd every two years). The representatives represent the population (minimum one, plus a number in proportion of the population count = census). The population has to be counted every 10 years. It's written in the Constitution. Article 2 provides an executive. [...]
[...] He's also chief of the Executive and . Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces (not the army = on the ground only: there's also Air Force and Navy). He's also chief of his own political party. Congress has many ways to restrict the power of the President. For example, Congress can override a veto of the President (to a bill) with a majority of 2/3 of each chamber (which is difficult to get). Impeachment : when a President is accused of doing something illegal, unconstitutional. [...]
[...] drawback of a system inconvénient d'un système) Introducing a new bill : 1st Reading 2nd Reading possibility to “Divide the House” a part of the parliament leaves while the other stays Committee Stage, may suggest amendments group of selected people because they are exposed or really interested by the specific field of the bill. Report (to the Full House) 3rd Reading (after debate) final vote Then the other House goes trough the same process If the second House approves a modified text, the process has to be rebooted possibility to have a “Joint Committee Compromise” Finally, there is the Royal assent of the Monarch The House of Lords cannot affect anything that deals with budget, finance and taxation. The power to delay is restricted in time. [...]
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