Politics of the United Kingdom take place in the framework of a parliamentary, representative democratic monarchy in which the Prime Minister is the head of the government. Executive power is exercised by the government and legislative power is vested in the government of the two Chambers of Parliament, the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The Sovereign also takes place in the Parliament.
[...] Conclusion: If the reform of the HOL is put apart today it may be because of politicals difficulties but moreover because of the weariness of the deputes, lords and members of the government and too because of the arrival of others burning issues like the problem of the security raise by the bomb attack in London on July 2005. However the project of reform is not died. Indeed Jack Straw, the minister for the relationships with the parliament proposed in October, in the words of the Sunday Times of the 25 October, to diminish the number of Lords from 700 to 400 and to elect the house for the others members being appointed. [...]
[...] The House of Lords originated in the 14th century and its name was abolished in 1649 by the revolutionary government but was restored in 1660. The HOL was once more powerful than the HOC. Since the 19th century however, the powers of the HOL have been steadily declining : now the upper house is weaker than the lower. Moreover, the HOL like the HOC meets in the Palace of Westminster. B / Legislative and judicial functions: Most legislation may be introduced in either House but most commonly is introduced in the HOC. [...]
[...] The House of Lords is the Upper House of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and is also referred to as Lords”. On the one hand, it will be this house which will interest us in the speech, particularly its legislative and judicial powers and its implication in the judiciary system of the UK. To the other hand we will interest us about the reform of this house. I / Role and attributions of the House of Lords and its implication in the judiciary system of the UK: A / Composition and History of the House of Lords: Members of the House of Lords are “Lords of Parliament”. [...]
[...] This is notified in the House of Lords Act 1999. On February 1999 a royal commission is created to find a solution and to consider the role and the function of the chamber but others commission are created too and there is a real commission war account of differences of opinion of the different commissions. On November 2001 a White Paper is published and proposes that the HOL was composed of independent members appointed by an appointment commission, members elected and members appointed by political parties. [...]
[...] - second stage : comprehensive reform of both composition and powers. The 2d stage of reform is based on the idea that in an appointed house it is vital that people have confidence in the process by which members are appointed. That is why the government proposes to establish a statutory independent appointments commission accountable to parliament rather than to ministers. The Commission would control all appointments to the Lords. B / The impossible reform of the House of Lords: The principal argument of the reformist people for the reform of the House of Lords is that this chamber is not fair and representative! [...]
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