New Deal - Alphabet Agencies - Hundred Days of FDR - Wagner Act - National Security Act - Opposition to the New Deal
This document is giving you the main explanations and definitions on the New Deal of Franklin Delano Roosevelt to tackle the American problem of the Great Depression which was caused by the Wall Street Crash of 1929 and of speculation. It will talk about the emergency measures that he took to put back in place the American economy, the oppositions to this New Deal and what it did to the American People.
[...] It gave a state for spending on helping the unemployed. It was approved and voted by the Congress on 12 May 1933. AAA (Agricultural Adjustment Administration): The aim of this agency was to help the farmers increase their profits by adjusting the amount of food they grew. In many cases the AAA paid farmers to produce less, and their profits soon began to rise. It was approved and voted by the Congress on 12 May 1933. TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority): The TVA was to build sixteen dams on rivers in and around the Tennessee Valley. [...]
[...] EA (Economy Act): This act cut the pay of everyone working in the government and the armed forces by 15%. It also cut the budgets of government departments by 25%. The money saved could be used to help the unemployed ( and it saved billion). It was approved and voted by the Congress on 15 March 1933. BA (Beer Act): This act made the manufacture and the sale of beer legal again. It was the first step towards ending Prohibition. It also meant that the government would make money from the tax on beer. [...]
[...] The Act did not say it but the judges appointed were faithful to FDR. After he was called a DICTATOR. OPPOSITION TO THE NEW DEAL: «Sick Chicken» Case: The Schechter brothers broke the NRA code by selling diseased chickens which were unproper to human consumption. The NRA sue them in front of the Court. They appealed against the verdict and went to Supreme Court. They won because according to the Supreme Court it is a matter for the New York state government to investigate and not the federal government. [...]
[...] NRA (National Recovery Administration), second part of the NIRA (National Industrial Recovery Act): The aim of the NRA was to persuade employers in industry to pay their workers fair wages and to charge fair prices for their goods. HUNDRED DAYS: They the hundred after roosevelt's election. He went straight into action as he said: «This nation asks for action, and action now». And created an enormous range of sweeping measures. DUSTBOWLS: Overfarming, drought and poor land conservation turned them into deserts. WAGNER ACT: The Wagner Act forced all the employers to allow trade unions to operate in their companies and to let them negociate with employers for better pay and conditions. [...]
[...] The NRA was declared illegal. Huey Long: He was senator of the state of Louisiana, he aim was to help the poor by spending public money on building infrastructures. He wanted to give every American family between $4,000 to $5,000 to buy homes, cars and radios, and promised that he would confiscate the fortunes over $3,000,000. Many people disagreed but he was using his power as governor to get rid of them and of political opponents, and he was bribing the police. [...]
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