American history 1945
The booming 1950s
Intro: think about the tree sessions
- Context: post war triumphant America
- Superpower yet vulnerability
- Paradox of prosperity and fear
- Booming economy/political conservatism
Truman becoming president in 1945/1948-1952
I. The affluent society
A. War induced prosperity
Increase of the workforce, importance of war industry. Aircraft, bombs were produced. The US military presence remained throughout the 1950's. Very dynamic domestic market while you have many opportunities. The reconstruction of the international community established the Breton Hoods agreements organized by the Allies to reconstruct the World.
[...] Edgar Hoover, powerful FBI director November 25,1946: President's Temporary Commission on Employee Loyalty (TCEL) To remove “any disloyal or subversive person” from the federal administration B. march 1947 Executive order March 21: Executive Order 9835 on federal employees' loyalty March 22: Executive Decree launching loyalty investigation of federal employees Loyalty boards February Wheeling Speech Joseph McCarthy accusing the administration of Harbouring 205 Communists One month later, same speech before the Senate Protagonists HUAC: House of Un-American Activities Committee Joseph McCarthy Richard Nixon The Rosenbergs 1950/1953 Main battles 1. Hearings in the administration From 1947 to The army 3. [...]
[...] Aircraft, bombs were produced. The US military presence remained throughout the 1950's. Very dynamic domestic market while you have many opportunities. The reconstruction of the international community established the Breton Hoods agreements organized by the Allies to reconstruct the World Gross domestic product $213 billion $500 billion Individual income + + Many consumers were offered services that remain very symbolical of the US eco. Diners club introduced credits cards in the 50's Home ownership 43% of American families 60% Suburban America New homes were building around the cities, birth of the American suburbs. [...]
[...] In 1947 there were only 7000 televisions Increase credit policy: there were the credits granted the GI bill: any war veteran could be given credit to get college education credit given to families to buy their home: due to government policy which promoted the credit by banks federal housing administration Population movements: the growth of American suburbs also corresponded to the development of new regions. While the wealth has been concentrated on the north east, this wealth did not decrease in the north east. The network is important. On a political point it was limited to one part, the suburbs was a rejection of other citizens like African, American. Cultural conservatism Religious surge It took place in the 1950s. [...]
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