Today we're going to talk to you about the city of Dublin.
Indeed, we will soon visit the city. So, it will be interesting to know it so that once you get there you can make the link between what you see and what we talked about.
Dublin is the capital of Ireland (more precisely that of the Republic of Ireland)
It's on the east coast of Ireland, in the province of Leinster, at the mouth of the River Liffey.
It is bordered on the south by the Wicklow mountains.
It is the most populated city in the country with more than 0.5 million inhabitants.
If the city is so developed and known today, it is due to its history and past.
[...] In 841, the Vikings from Norway on their drakkars set up a first camp in Dublin. They built a port on the south banks of the river and then a Bastion at Wood Quay. The city, called "Dubh Linn", was then a trading post with Europe. Celtic and Viking peoples live together and there are many marriages between the two peoples. But it is more than a century later that we consider the real birth of the city, in 988. [...]
[...] The Irish War of Independence, and the Irish Civil War resulted in a significant amount of physical destruction in central Dublin. Dublin was also a victim of the Northern Irish Troubles, and during this 30-year conflict, violence mainly occurred within Northern Ireland. Celtic Tiger period In 1990, once the political situation had calmed down, the so-called Celtic Tiger period allowed the city to finally enter the modern era. This period of great economic growth for the country, which lasted until 2002, provided the city with new infrastructure and expanded its population. [...]
[...] It was in 1204 on King John's orders that Dublin Castle, the future seat of English power, was built. At the beginning of the 13th century, several languages were spoken in the city: French, Old English and Gaelic. Few Irish lived there, most of them entrenched in the surrounding countryside over which the Anglo-Normans had limited control. In 1348, the black pest carried by rats, transported in cargo ships, decimated a large part of the population. The Protestant Dublin In the 17th and 18th centuries, English domination intensified. [...]
[...] To fully understand this, it is necessary to look back through the history of Ireland. It was in the 3rd century that Ireland was divided into 5 kingdoms. Each kingdom was then ruled by a local king, himself obeying a high supreme king who ruled over the entire island of Ireland. At that time there were 5 provinces: - Leinster - Munster - Connacht - Ulster - Tara (where the Supreme King of Ireland has his seat) Over the centuries, the kingdom of Tara disappeared as part of Leinster until Ireland was divided into 4 provinces. [...]
[...] The city of Dublin is also rich in literary history today. Indeed, we can mention the Nobel Prize-winner George Bernard Shaw, Samuel Beckett or William Butler Yeats and authors such as Oscar Wilde or Bram Stocker, creator of Dracula. Conclusion Walking around Dublin is therefore a journey through more than 1,000 years of history, from the castle built by the Vikings and then occupied by the English kings, to the strange city centre, mixing old and new buildings, and also to a forward-looking periphery. [...]
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