Mussolini Dictature Italie Fascisme
Essai de niveau L3 perfectionné par la lecture de 5 livres traitant du sujet (référencés en notes de bas de pages).
Après la fin de la première guerre mondiale, l'Italie était en proie à un désordre politique et social qui s'est avéré extrêmement favorable à l'expansion fasciste.
Par conséquent, nous allons analyser les origines du fascisme italien et son ascension au pouvoir en faisant référence à des facteurs politiques, financiers et culturels.
[...] Indeed, Gentile wanted "fewer but better" schools and universities. Then over the following years, attendance dropped by 100,000 at secondary schools and 1,300 at universities. Thus, this policy made even worse inequalities. Moreover, in 1926, Mussolini implemented the "Leggi fascistissime" which forbad opponent parties, restored death penalty, subjected every citizen to police control, suppressed freedom of press To conclude we can say that Mussolini achieved power mainly because Italian people were tired of strikes and riots and thus appealed by the flamboyant techniques and medieval trappings of fascism. [...]
[...] and S. Berstein, Le fascisme Italien, 1919-1945 (Paris, 1980) J. Pollard, The Fascist experience in Italy (London, 1998) A. Lyttelton, The seizure of Power: fascism in Italy 1919-1929 (London, 2004) A. De Grand, Italian Fascism: its origin and development (London, 1982) J. Whittam, Fascist Italy (Manchester, 1995) P. and S. Berstein, Le fascisme Italien, 1919-1945 (Paris, 1980), p J. [...]
[...] Fascism and Dictatorship in Italy How did Mussolini achieve power in Italy? (Analyze the origins of Italian fascism and its rise to power by referring to political, financial and cultural factors.) After the end of World War Italy is in the grip of social and political disorder which turned out to be especially favorable to fascist expansion. Therefore, we are going to analyze the origins of Italian fascism and its rise to power by referring to political, financial and cultural factors. [...]
[...] Instead of helping them, it isolated and divided peasantry and industrial workers while cultivating bourgeoisie. Employers controlled workers so that they are more efficient in order to enter in an era of mass production and consumption. Indeed, the economic policy of fascism claimed for autarchy in order to put Italy on a permanent war footing. Consequently, the state issued the wheat battle in order to boost production and to help the country to reach economic self-sufficiency. Cultural factors Mussolini also introduced changes in terms of culture. [...]
[...] Fascism also was the way for lower-class people to express their discontent. Foremost were shopkeepers, artisans and small businessmen who felt threatened by "big businesses", as well as white collar workers and state employees, all of those savings and standard of living had been affected by inflation. Moreover, the intimidation and corruption used by the Fascists doubtlessly helped significantly the movement popularity. In 1921, the National Fascist Party was founded and it already had a total of membership before 1922 while they were only in 1919. [...]
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